At the final rally on Friday, Catalan regional leader Carles Puigdemont claimed that the region was "just one step away" from independence.
More than 20 lakh Catalans, or 90.9% of those who voted, have backed the call for independence from Spain, the Catalonia government said on Sunday. Spain's deputy prime minister, Soraya Saenz de Santamaria, harshly criticized the Catalan regional government for its "absolute irresponsibility" in allowing the vote to go ahead.
Though most countries expressed opposition to Catalan secession, and secession in general, considerable outrage about Spain's behavior today may change that, and a general strike is planned within Catalonia on Tuesday to reiterate their plans to break off from Spanish rule.
Regional government spokesman Jordi Turull said 2.02 million of the 2.26 million votes cast were for independence.
"All the repression falls absolutely on the side of the government of Rajoy and the police forces that have been brought in for this objective", Romeva said, according to La Vanguardia.
Huge rallies and protests have been taking place as the vote, which the national government has declared illegal, drew closer.
Police officers were said to have prevented some people from voting, seizing ballot papers and boxes at polling stations.
"It would have been easier for everyone to look the other way", the conservative prime minister said.
Riot police confronted thousands of Catalans on the streets of Barcelona, the region's capital, and scenes of police firing rubber bullets and beating and strong-arming protesters spread across the internet.
Catalonia is a culturally distinct region of 7.5 million people in northeastern Spain.
On Sunday, Catalonia held a referendum on seceding from Spain.
Over the weekend, boisterous activist voters brought their children into schools to defend the polling stations deemed illegal by the central government in Madrid.